First Blacks in The Americas

The African Presence in The Dominican Republic

Books - General Sources

Afigbo, A. E. Repercussions of the Atlantic Slave Trade: the Interior of the Bight of the Biafra and the African Diaspora. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2011.

Andrés-Gallego, José and Jesús María García Añoveros. La iglesia y la esclavitud de los negros. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, 2002.

Andrews, George Reid.  Afro-Latin America, 1800-2000.  Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Bastide, Roger. African Civilizations in the New World. New York, N.Y.: Harper Torchbooks, 1972.

Berlin, Ira.  Many Thousands Gone: the First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Blackburn, Robin. The American Crucible: Slavery, Emancipation and Human Rights. New York: Verso, 2011.

Blackburn, Robin. The Making of New World Slavery: from the Baroque to the Modern, 1492-1800. New York: Verso, 1998, 1997.

Blackburn, Robin. The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the Americas / Slavery, Emancipation and Human Rights. New York: Verso, 2009.

Blackburn, Robin. The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery, 1776-1848. New York: Verso, 1988.

Boyce Davies, Carole. Encyclopedia of the African Diaspora: origins, Experiences and Culture. Vol. 1. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2008.

Brance, Jerome. Race, Colonialism and Social Transformation in Latin America and the Caribbean. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2008.

Brown, Larissa V. Africans in the New World, 1493-1834: an Exhibition at the John Carter Brown Library. Providence, RI: The Library, 1988. 

Bush, Barbara. Slave Women in Caribbean Society, 1650-1838. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990.

Cassá, Roberto and Genaro Rodríguez Morel. Historia general del pueblo dominicano. Santo Domingo: Academia Dominicana de la Historia, 2013.

Cavaciocchi, Simonetta, ed. Schiavitù e servaggio nell'economia europea, secc. XI-XVIII / Serfdom and Slavery in the European Economy, 11th-18th Centuries: atti della "Quarantacinquesima Settimana di studi," 14-18 aprile 2013. 2 Vols. Simonetta Cavaciocchi, ed. Prato, Italy: Istituto Internazionale di Storia Economica F. Datini. Settimana di Studio; Firenze University Press, 2014.

Chasteen, John Charles. National Rhythms, African Roots: the Deep History of Latin American Popular Dance. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2004.

Cohen, David William. Neither Slave nor Free; The Freedman of African Descent in the Slave Societies of the New World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1972.

Curtin, Philip D. The Rise and Fall of the Plantation Complex: Essays in Atlantic History. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Davis, Darién J. Beyond Slavery: the Multilayered Legacy of Africans in Latin America and the Caribbean. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007.

Davis, David Brion. Inhuman Bondage: the Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World. Oxford, NY: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Dubois, Laurent. Origins of the Black Atlantic. New York: Routledge, 2010.

Eltis, David. Economic Growth and the Ending of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Eltis, David. The Rise of African Slavery in the Americas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Engerman, Stanley L. Race and Slavery in the Western Hemisphere; Quantitative Studies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1975.

Engerman, Stanley L. Slavery, Emancipation and Freedom. Comparative Perspectives. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2007.

Falola, Toyin and Matt D. Childs, eds. The Yoruba Diaspora in the Atlantic World. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2004.

Finkelman, Paul. Comparative Issues in Slavery. New York: Garland Pub., 1989.

Frey, Sylvia R. From Slavery to Emancipation in the Atlantic World. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 1999.

Gaspar, David Barry and Darlene Clark Hine. More than Chattel: Black Women and Slavery in the Americas. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.

Genovese, Eugene D. From Rebellion to Revolution: Afro-American Slave Revolts in the Making of the Modern World. New York: Vintage Books, 1981.

Genovese, Eugene D. The Slave Economies. New York: Wiley, 1973.

Genovese, Eugene D. The World the Slaveholders Made; Two Essays in Interpretation. New York: Pantheon Books, 1969.

Gómez, Michael A. Black Crescent: The Experience and Legacy of African Muslims in the Americas. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Goodheart, Lawrence B. Slavery in American Society. Lexington, Mass.: D.C. Heath, 1992.

Klooster, Wim and Alfred Padula, eds. The Atlantic World: essays on Slavery, Migration, and Imagination. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2005.

Hall, Gwendolyn Midlo. Social Control in Slave Plantation Societies: a Comparison of St. Domingue and Cuba. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1996.

Harris, Joseph E. Global Dimensions of the African Diaspora. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1993.

Harris, Marvin. Patterns of Race in the Americas. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press Publishers, 1964.

Herskovits, Melville J. The New World Negro; Selected Ppapers in Afro-American Studies. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1966.

Heuman, Gad J. and Trevor Burnard. The Routledge History of Slavery. New York: Routledge, 2011.

Heywood, Linda M. Central Africans and Cultural Transformations in the American Diaspora. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Heywood, Linda M. and John K. Thornton. Central Africans, Atlantic Creoles, and the Foundation of the Americas, 1585-1660. Cambridge, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Higman, B.W. A Concise History of the Caribbean. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Jimenez Roman, Miriam and Juan Flores. The Afro-Latin@ Reader: History and Culture in the United States. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010

Johnson, Kathryn M. The Dark Race in the Dawn: proof of Black African Civilization in the Americas before Columbus. 3rd ed. New York: William-Frederick Press., 1948.

Klein, Herbert S. The Atlantic Slave Trade. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999; 2010.

Klein, Herbert S. The Middle Passage: comparative Studies in the Atlantic Slave Trade. Princeton, N.J.: Princenton University Press, 1978.

Klein, Herbert S. and Ben Vinson. African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Klooster, Wim and Alfred Padula, eds. The Atlantic World: Essays on Slavery, Migration, and Imagination. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2005.

Knight, Franklin W. The African Dimension in Latin American Societies. New York: Macmillan, 1974.

Knight, Franklin W.  Palmer, Colin A. The Modern Caribbean. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press Books, 1989.

La ruta del esclavo. Santo Domingo: Comisión Nacional Dominicana de la Ruta del Esclavo, 2006.

Lewis, Frank D. and Kenneth Lee Sokoloff. Slavery in the Development of the Americas. Cambridge, U.K.; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Marrero Rodríguez, Manuela. La esclavitud en Tenerife a raíz de La Conquista. La Laguna de Tenerife: Instituto de Estudios Canarios, 1966.

Manning, Patrick. Slavery and African Life: Occidental, Oriental, and African Slave Trades. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Mintz, Steven and Stauffer, John. The Problem of Evil, Slavery, Freedom, and the Ambiguities of American Reform. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2007.

Morner, Magnus. Race and Class in Latin America: conference on Race and Class in Latin America. New York: Columbia University Press, 1970.

Morrissey, Marietta. Slave Women in the New World: gender Stratification in the Caribbean. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas, 1989.

Moya, Jose C. The Oxford Handbook of Latin American History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Olliz-Boyd, Antonio. The Latin American Identity and the African Diaspora: Ethnogenesis in Context. Amherst, NY: Cambria Press, 2010.

Olson, James Stuart. Slave Life in America: a Historiography. Lanham, London: University Press of America, 1983.

Paquette, Robert L. The Oxford Handbook of Slavery in the Americas. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Peabody, Sue. Slavery, Freedom, and the Law in the Atlantic World: a Brief History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2007.

Price, Richard. Maroon Societies: rebel Slave Communities in the Americas. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Ransford, Oliver. The Slave Trade: The Story of Transatlantic Slavery. London: J. Murray, 1971.

Restall, Matthew. Beyond Black and Red. African-Native Relations in Colonial Latin America. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico, 2005.

Rice, C. Duncan. The Rise and Fall of Black Slavery. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.

Rubin, Vera D. and Arthur Tuden. Comparative Perspectives on Slavery in New World Plantation Societies. New York: New York Academy of Sciences, 1993, 1977.

Sale, Kirkpatric. Christopher Columbus and the Conquest of Paradise. New York: Tauris Parke Paperbacks, 2006.

Sale, Kirkpatric. The Conquest of Paradise: Christopher Columbus and the Columbian Legacy. New York: Knopf, 1990.

Santoro, Nicholas J. Atlas of Slavery and Civil Rights: An Annotated Chronicle of the Passage from Slavery and Segregation to Civil Rights and Equality under the Law. New York: iUniverse, Inc., 2006.

Shaefer, Richard T. Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society. Vol 1.  Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage, 2008.

Shepherd, Verene A. and Hilary McD. Beckles. Caribbean Slavery in the Atlantic World: a Student Reader. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle; Oxford: James Currey; Princeton, NJ: M. Weiner, 2000.

Smith, John David. Black Slavery in the Americas: an Interdisciplinary Bibliography, 1865-1980. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1982.

Solow, Barbara L. Slavery and the Rise of the Atlantic System. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Tannenbaum, Frank. Slave and Citizen: the Negro in the Americas. New York: Knopf, 1947.

Tannenbaum, Frank. The Destiny of the Negro in the Western Hemisphere. New York: Academy of Political Science, 1946.

Terrell, John Upton. Estevanico the Black. Los Angeles: Westernlore Press, 1968.

Tibbles, Anthony. Transatlantic Slavery: against Human Dignity. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2005.

Thompson, Vincent Bakpetu. The Making of the African Diaspora in the Americas, 1441-1900. New York: Longman, 1987.

Thornton, John Kelly. Africa and Africans in the making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1800. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Thornton, John Kelly. Warfare in Atlantic Africa, 1500-1800. New York: UCL Press, 1999.

Toplin, Robert Brent. Slavery and Race Relations in Latin America. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1974.

Van Sertima, Ivan. They Came before Columbus. New York: Random House, 1976.

Watson, Alan. Slave Law in the Americas. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.

Walvin, James. Atlas of Slavery. New York: Pearson Longman, 2006.

Winters, Clyde-Ahmad. African Colonist to the New World. Chicago, Ill.: C.-A. Winters, 1978.

Work, Monroe Nathan. A Bibliography of the Negro in Africa and America. New York: Octagon Books, 1965.